Isfahan / اصفهان


Isfahan


population: 4 million


area: 551 square km


language: Farsi (different dialect)
Turkish
Armenian
Arabic


climate: Semi arid


industries: Agriculture( rice, floor, fruit)
Steel & Iron(refine and extrusion)
Art crafts & fine industries
Tourism


souvenirs: Sweet bakeries
hand printed textiles
coppersmith
blacksmith
Carpet


History


Same as other foothills of Zagros mountains, several monuments have found during archeological excavation in Isfahan surroundings from Paleolithic or neolithic era such vessels or stone tools. Findings signifies a continuous decent condition for habitation and settlement of human in territory of current Isfahan. Later and under Median or Elamite rule civilization continued and first clear mention to this region returns to jewish emigrants whom running away from Jerusalem and looking for somewhere like there, examining every soil and water, then satisfied here and settled and name it Yahudya.
Isfahan were been capital of Arsacid rulers in Parthian dynasty and Sassanid too. A pleasant seat for tolerance communities of Parthian governments. Thanks to river, Zayanderud, in islamic era most of rulers from caliphates of arabes to turkic Seljoqes, all find here as a good place for their throne, help developing trade and cultivating a civilization.
But most glorious period for this city was when it selected and ruled by a Safavid king, Abbas, and got reputed all over world as “half of the world”. Great abbas ordered collecting all artist and and fine industries together with architecture and islamic schoolers in Isfahan, where was away from Ottomans border and brings security to traders and court. It worked till treat arrived from east by afghan attack and city was surrounded and damaged. Isfahan hadn’t chosen as social or political capital later then, but still remained as capital of art.


Geography


Undoubtedly, Zayanderud river is the most important geographical phenomenon in Isfahan that influenced all aspect of formation of this city. Where it convinced passengers to stay and accommodate there and bringing life to economy and agriculture of Isfahan. Current city located on northward foothills of Zagros mountains and city is stretched on plain of remnant both side of river. This flat plain continuous for 90 km through north and east too. River fountained 200 km on west on deep elevated valleys of zagros and ending in a wetland on east. City isn’t rainy itself and snow falls once or twice a year. What if its 1300m above the free oceans but temperature could rise to 45 degree in summertimes, when -20 happens in some winters.


Culture


Isfahan is capital of art for country, where exceptionally artist accepted as a traditional normal job. Emigration of jews 26 centuries ago to this area and emerging into zoroastrian culture, perhaps was just a start to numerous and varied settlements in later years, when Romans, Arabs, Turkic nomads, Armenians,… joined to them. Thanks to this mixture of different origins, languages, believes and habits, demands were been triggering creational ideas for craft mans and industries and always helped blooming of surprising new branches. Isfahan is became a style in art, literature, music and theology. Motifs in carpets or miniature are unique and obvious from this area, minimal abstract flowers and colors in ceramic tiles smell like bushes on river banks..
People may had mixed of several races but now they are a unique nation, known for special temperament and behaviors. They are known for hard working and respecting resources, sensitive to beneficial consumption and productivity.

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